2.1 Congress: The Senate and the House of Representatives 

Describe the different structures, powers, and functions of each house of Congress. 

The Senate is designed to represent states equally, while the House is designed to represent the population. 

Different chamber sizes and constituencies influence formality of debate. 

 Coalitions in Congress are affected by term-length differences. 

 The enumerated and implied powers in the Constitution allow the creation of public policy by Congress, which includes: 


REQUIRED FOUNDATIONAL DOCUMENT § The Constitution of the United States