Integral Nationalism


The individual is nothing- the state is everything

Integral Nationalism rejects liberal or Risorgimento (Mazzini's) nationalism. Whereas Risorgimento nationalism applies to a nation seeking to establish a state (for example, Greece, Italy, Germany, Poland and Serbia in the 17th century), integral nationalism results after a nation has achieved independence and has established a state. Examples are Nazi Germany, fascist Italy., Some of the qualities that characterise integral nationalism is radical extremism, right-wing ideology, and aggressive-expansionist militarism. North Korea has some of the characteristics of integral nationalism.

Integral states are totalitarian and the government or state dominates all aspects of society. Integral nationalism is derived from the "nationalisme integrale" of the French nationalist author Charles Maurras, who stated: "A true nationalist places his country above everything". Integralism as such is a belief that society is an organic unit, with a social hierarchy and co-operation between the different social classes.

Integral nationalism arises in countries where a strong military ethos has become entrenched through the independence struggle, when, once independence is achieved, it is believed that a strong military is required to ensure the security and viability of the new state. Also, the success of such a liberation struggle results in feelings of national superiority that may lead to extreme nationalism. So intergral nationalism descibes the relationship between the individual and the state.