Case Study Gun Control
In 2012 Adam Lanza shot and killed 26 people at the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut. 20 children - aged six and seven years - and six adult staff members died. Lanza committed suicide at the school. More people were killed in this incident than in any other high-school shooting in US history. President Obama immediately gave an emotional public address followed by a number of speeches about the killings both in Connecticut and from the White House. He also met with families. He initiated a gun violence task force headed by his Vice President, Joe Biden. Legislative proposals were sent to Congress which included maximum ammunition magazines of ten rounds and the re-introduction of an assault-weapons ban, which existed under the Clinton presidency. This legislation was soon debated in Congress but failed to pass. Obama then pursued a number of executive orders, bypassing Congress and achieving some of his policy goals.
This case study illustrates the president's ability to initiate legislation and the Congressional check on that ability- the Executive Orders are an example of the president's unchecked powers.
June 2022. A gunman killed 19 children and two teachers at Robb Elementary School in Uvalde, Texas, a small city west of San Antonio. It was the deadliest school shooting since the murders at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Connecticut in 2012. The shooting is one of the deadliest school attacks on record. It is also one of more than 200 mass shootings to have been recorded in the United States so far this year. Just 10 days earlier, a gunman fatally shot 10 people at a Buffalo grocery store.
A bipartisan team of senators on 12 June 2022 announced what they billed as a "commonsense" legislative package that would encourage "red flag laws," create the first federal law against gun trafficking and straw purchasing, and enhance background checks for firearms buyers under 21 years old. The package does not include a ban on assault weapons or implement universal background checks, as was sought by President Joe Biden, fellow Democrats and families of gun violence victims .The measure does not provide for universal background checks, somethingthe vast majority of Americans support, according to numerous polls. Nor does it ban the purchase of assault weapons by people under 21. The Uvalde shooter was 18 The approval of 10 GOP senators suggests that it would survive the 60-vote threshold needed to break a filibuster in the Senate.
The deal is the first set of new federal restrictions on gun ownership and gun safety in nearly three decades, when then-Sen. Biden successfully negotiated an assault weapons ban. That 1994 law expired in 2004.