Judicial Restraint

Judicial restraint is the opposite of judicial activism. Justices may or may not have a personal bias, but their approach to judicial interpretation is to limit the extent to which they overturn political bodies. This could be based on a view that, as an unelected body, the Supreme Court should defer to institutions with greater democratic legitimacy. It is an approach to the interpretation

of the Constitution in which courts show deference to wishes of political institutions. It suggests political institutions such as Congress should only be overturned if there is clear evidence that the Constitution has been broken. This judicial philosophy limits the impact the Supreme Court has on public policy.